The wolf-dog is a canine produced by the mating of a dog (Canis familiaris) with a gray wolf (Canis lupus), eastern wolf (Canis lycaon), red wolf (Canis rufus), or Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) to produce a hybrid.
Admixture between domestic dogs and gray wolves are the most common wolfdogs since dogs and gray wolves are considered as the same species.
They are genetically very close and have shared vast portions of their ranges for millennia.
Such admixture in the wild have been detected in many populations scattered throughout Europe and North America, usually occurring in areas where wolf populations have declined from human impacts.
These subspecies are produced to weakened the impact of reduction in wolves as their species are declining day by day.
The first record of wolfdog breeding in Great Britain comes from the year 1766 when a male wolf mated with a dog identified as of a “Pomeranian” breed.
The union resulted in a litter of nine pups. Wolfdogs were occasionally purchased by English noblemen, who viewed them as a scientific curiosity.
Wolfdogs were popular exhibits in the British zoos.
In 1932, Dutch breeder Leendert Saarloos crossed a male German Shepherd dog with a female European wolf.
He then bred the female offspring back with the male German Shepherd Dog, creating the Saarloos wolfdog. The breed was created to be a hardy, self reliant companion and a house dog.
The Dutch Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1975. To honor its creator they changed the name to “Saarloos Wolfdog”.
In 1981, the breed was recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
A 2014 study found that 20% of wolves and 37% of dogs shared the same mitochondrial haplotypes in Georgia.
The results of the study suggest that admixture between wolves and dogs is a common event in the areas where large livestock guardian dogs are held in a traditional way, and that gene flow between dogs and gray wolves was an important force influencing gene pool of dogs since early domestic events.
Wolfdogs are also used as pets in the various countries of the world.
They show some typical kind of impression on others that’s why people in the countries like USA and New Mexico make wolfdogs as their pets. More than 100000 wolfdogs were existing in the United States in the year 1999 and nowadays more than 2000000 wolfdogs are existing in the world and 70% of them are domesticated or used as the pets and others are transferred in the zoos to attract the people.
Meet Yuki a human sized wolfdog. He is the biggest wolfdog found ever in the world.
His length is 5 feet 4 inches and he weighs around 120 pounds. In 2008, he was rescued from a kill shelter and brought to an animal sanctuary.
Now he lives in the sanctuary and spends his days in the sun, barking and eating food. According to the zoo-keepers, Yuki is a very good dog. He is obviously a high content wolfdog.
He is very friendly in nature with respect to the humans. Currently he is more than 14 years old but still living his life in a great condition.
Normally wolfdogs weighs around 70-100 pounds and they are friendly in nature but some of them are very dangerous.
It had been seen many times that wolfdogs became cruel and dangerous.
They attack on the humans and sometimes they also kill them if they had not been given a good training.
May be it is a good dog breed but it’s a dangerous breed too. Due to its varied genetic structure the wolfdog is extremely unpredictable, reacting to certain situations like a wolf and others like a dog.
It maintains an extremely high prey drive like the wolves and is not generally considered as a good pet. There have been many attacks on the humans, most commonly seen on small children, which they may view as prey items.
More than 150 people are killed by the wolfdogs. So the private ownership of this dog breed is illegal in the states like Alaska, Georgia, Hawaii, New Hampshire, New York and Wyoming. This dog breed is totally prohibited in the country “Norway”.