Top seven largest big cats in the world,
Of all the species on this earth big cats are perhaps the most important for the ecosystems,
in which they leave regulating their populations and structuring animal communities.
Let’s take a look at seven largest big cats in the world and find out what makes them Special.
Top seven largest big cats in the world
Cheetah (Acinonyx Jubatus)
We start a list with a cat that is not only one of the biggest but is the fastest of all land animals on the planet.
With a sprinting speed of up to 70 mph and 0 to 60 in only 3 seconds, The cheetah could certainly take your Prius in a drag race.
This large African Kitty is claws don’t attract when they run, like your house cat Instead, act like cleats to help the cheetah reach its top speeds.
Also when running cheetahs use their tell to steer,like a rudder for a boat.
A cheetah’s spots cover nearly its entire body and may serve as Camouflage by offsetting shadows in the gray- hued grasses they inhabit.
Camouflage is not only essential for stalking prey but also for protecting cheetah cubs from Predators.
On its face, there are black tear lines on either side of a cheetah’s nose that function like a football player’s black face paint, keeping the bright sun out of the big cat’s eyes while they hunt.
A full-grown adult male cheetah weighs up to 150 pounds.
Leopard (Panthera pardus)
With a wide range of Sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Africa,Central Asia,India and China this spotted cat is also quick on its feet with a top speed up to around 36 mph.
Not quite Cheetah fast,but faster than your dogs, unless you have a Greyhound.
One thing your dog can’t do though is leap 20 feet forward like the super springy Leopard.
Not bad for a cat that can grow to 165 pounds. Leopards are skilled Climbers and like to rest in the branches of trees during the day.
They are strong beasts , to and can carry their heavy prey up into the trees so that pesky scavengers,such as hyenas don’t steal their meal!
Nocturnal animals, leopards are active at night when they venture out in search of food.
They mostly spend their days resting, Camouflaged in the trees,or hiding in caves.
When a Leopard spots and potential meal, it approaches with legs bent and head low, so as not to be seen. It then stalks its prey carefully and quietly, until it’s 15 to 30 feet within range.
Then pounce! The Leopard dashes forward and takes down its victim with a bite to the throat or neck.
Small prey,Such as small birds or mice, will receive a fatal blow from the feline’s paw. Swat!
Fun fact: When wild “dog” Species like Wolves and Hyenas compete for resources with big cats,the kitties win.
A groundbreaking study of 2000 ancient fossils reveals that felids-the cat family- have Historically been much better at surviving than the”canid” dog clan and often at the latter’s expense.
The research finds that cats have played a significant role in making 40 dog species Extinct, outcompeting them for scarce food supplies because they are generally more effective hunters.
The verdict is still out on who is the better house pet.
What do you think?
Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia)
Despite being called the snow leopard, the big cat is more closely related to the tiger than the leopard.
And they are smaller than both but still big at up to 121 pounds.
However, like the Leopard, the snow leopard is a long jump champion with a springing leap of up to 27 feet or over 6 times their body length.
The snow leopard inhabits the mountains of central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, ranging from an elevation of about 6000 feet in the winter to about 18000 feet in the summer.
And they perfectly adapted to their cold baron homes from their camouflage to their insulating undercoats to their large fluffy feet that act as snowshoes.
However, Specialization has not served the snow leopard well against human encroachment and is Now considered endangered with only a few thousands of these big cats remaining.
Cougar ( Aka puma and Mountain Lion (puma concolor))
The Cougar, also Commonly referred to as a puma, mountain lion or Panther is the second-largest big cat of America.
Cougars have a similar body to your fluffy house cat, just on a larger scale.
They practically look like a Big Version of your little house Panther, with slender bodies and round heads with pointed ears.
Luckily, your house cat doesn’t weigh up to 150 Pounds. Can you imagine scooping that litter Box?
Or having it kneading on your chest to wake you up to feed it in the morning?
Inhabiting diverse ecosystems from mountains to deserts to sea level, the cougar’s established range includes western North America, a Small region in Florida (a subspecies known as the Florida Panthers) and most of South America.
They make their home anywhere that there are shelter and prey.
Skilled and cunning Hunters, they mostly prey on deer and small animals.
Cougars stay hidden from their prey until they can pounce with claws out-stretched.
Cougars can also climb with ease and leap over 20 feet. After killing a large animal, a cougar hides the carcass and eats in the coming days.
Jaguar (Panthera onca)
The word Jaguar comes from the indigenous word ‘ yaguar’ which means ” he who kills with one leap”.
The Jaguar is the third biggest cat in the world and is the largest cat in the Americas with males weighing up to 265 pounds.
They have big, even impressive, tails that grow up to about 3 feet in length.
In fact they often live near lakes rivers and wetlands and confident swimmers , known to cross large rivers.
To the untrained eye jaguars can be mistaken for leopards but you can tell the difference from their rosettes (Circular markings).
Jaguar have black dots in the middle of some of their rosettes, whereas leopard don’t. Jaguars also have larger rounded heads and short legs.
Jaguars can be “melanistic” ,where they appear almost black. Melanistic jaguars (and leopards) are known as “black panthers”.
Jaguar had the most powerful bite of any big cat. Their teeth are a strong enough to bite through the thick hides of alligators and the hard shells of turtles.
They need powerful teeth and jaws to take down three to four times their own weight, usually killing it with a bite to the back of the skull rather than biting the neck or throat like other big cats.
Lion (Panthera Leo)
They may only be second largest but off all the big cat species in the world, lions are the most social.
They live together in large groups known as “prides”. The size of a pride can range in size from 15 to 40 members.
Male lions can grow up to 10 feet in length and weigh up to 550 pounds while female lions can grow to the length of 9 feet and weigh up to 395 pounds.
That’s a big kitty. Sometimes Known as “king of the jungle”, lions do not actually live in jungles.
Instead their primary habitats and plains where they hunt birds, hares, turtles,mice, lizards,wild hogs,wild dogs, antelopes, cheetahs, buffalos, Leopards, crocodiles,baby elephants,rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and even tall giraffes.
Main lines may get all of the attention with their majestic manes , but the females do the majority of the work when it comes to hunting.
Typically, right Ladies?
Anywhere from 85-90% of the hunting is done by the females in a given Pride.
The males, meant to protect both the pride and the pride territory (which can extend up to 100 square miles) from rival prides and other Predators. Even though females do the vast majority of the hunt in male lions usually get to eat first!
Tiger (panthera Tigris)
Tigers are the largest cat species in the world and the third largest carnivore on land, Only polar and brown bears are larger,ohmy.
An adult Amur or Siberian tiger (the largest subspecies) can weigh up to 660 Pounds, although the Sumatran tiger subspecies may only get up to 300 pounds.
Tigers are the only cat species that are completely striped.
The Animal have stripes on their skin like human fingerprints; their strike patterns are unique to each individual.
Stripes range in color from light brown to black and are not symmetrical on both sides of the tiger.
Adult tigers can consume up to 88 pounds of meat in one mail and will open state with it to kill and dine over a period of days.
It may not kill again for 4 and 5 days. Unlike most big cats tigers are powerful swimmers and have been known to swim great distances to hunt or cross rivers.
Young tigers often play in water and adults will Lounge in streams or Lakes to stay Cool during the heat of the day.
Fun fact; white tigers are not a separate subspecies North are there albino.
They are Leucistic,the result of a recessive gone from each parent that affects pigmentation.
White tigers typically have blue eyes.
Tigers and other big cats are keystone species; they are integral to the health of the ecosystem in which Delhi as Apex predators keep prey species under control.
This protects the vegetation which in terms maintains the integrity of streams, forest and crop plants that provide people around the world with clean air, water , food and jobs.