Top 5 Apex Predators in the World
5. Komodo Dragon
The Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard on Earth, growing up to 3 meters in length and weighing in at 160 kilograms.
They are found on only five of Indonesia’s 17,500 islands, living in tropical dry forest and savanna areas on Komodo, Rinca, Gili Motang, Flores, and Padar.
Komodo dragons have no predators in their environment, and are apex predators that feed on any type of meat including carrion, water buffalo, deer, pigs, and have even been known to kill and eat humans.
Their saliva contains toxic bacteria, ensuring anything escaping their powerful legs and sharp teeth will die of blood poisoning within 24 hours.
4. Polar Bear
Adult male polar bears are huge carnivores, weighing an average of 700 kg and standing around 3 meters tall on their hind legs.
Their size alone makes them a fearsome apex predator, with no natural enemies other than humans.
Polar bears are born on land but spend most of their life on sea ice, hunting seals on the ice, and in the freezing arctic waters.
Due to human activity and habitat erosion, the polar bear is an extremely endangered animal.
3. Great White Shark
Perhaps one of the most feared predator in the world, the great white shark truly is the king of the oceans and thanks to the movies such as “Jaws” is generally feared and even hated by humans.
These sharks are at the top of the food chain, though they may be considered a controversial pick for this list of apex predators as they sometimes fall prey to orcas and other, larger great white sharks.
They hunt their prey by targeting them with a small bump, then circling to return to the prey, swimming with their mouths open and ready to attack.
Little is known about their social behaviour, though evidence suggests they’re largely solitary animals, residing within territorial waters and feeding areas, but also undertaking long inter-continental voyages.
2. Saltwater Crocodile
The largest and probably scariest living reptile is the saltwater crocodile, slightly larger than the Nile crocodile found in Africa (and not to be confused with an alligator).
This prehistoric monster can grow to over 7 meters in length and weigh up to half a ton. Their healthy population is distributed around salt and brackish waters in parts of Asia, Australia, and India.
Due to their size, powerful jaws and teeth, ‘salties’ are the apex predators, able to prey on water buffalo, sharks, and pretty much anything else that comes into striking distance.
One of the most dangerous animals in the world, the saltwater crocodile is similar to its freshwater cousin in the way it ambushes its prey and drowns it, though often then swallows it whole rather than tearing out chunks.
1. Royal Bengal Tiger
Tigers are the largest members of the big cat family Felidae (not including hybrid big cats bred in captivity). Although close to extinction in places, they live in a variety of habitats rainforests, grasslands, and swamps across Asia.
These beautiful animals are at the top of their food chain and have no natural predators other than humans.
They are solitary hunters, searching for prey mostly at night with their excellent nocturnal vision.
Their diet includes small, medium, and large mammals and reptiles in the form of wild pigs, deer, water buffalo, monkeys, hares, and crocodiles.